Jane Dee Hull
for the amount of protected land in Arizona, and click here
to review Arizona's federal transportation spending.
Center on the States & Changing Direction: Federal Transportation
Spending in the 1990s. Surface
Transportation Policy Project
Conservation and Smart Growth
Many conservationists regard Pima County as a
leading region in efforts to protect natural resources while planning for
growth. For 2 years Pima County has been developing a Sonoran
Desert Conservation Plan to protect dozens of species in the county.
The SDCP is projected to be completed in two years. The county has
developed a draft map of biological resource areas that may need to be
protected under the SDCP. For more information, go to: http://www.co.pima.az.us/cmo/sdrp/
Since 1960, Arizona has tripled in population
and it continues to grow three times faster than the nation as a whole.
It was no surprise that on May 29, 1998 the Arizona legislature enacted
a new law establishing the Growing Smarter Commission,1
charged with studying growth related issues and reporting findings and
recommendations to the governor and to the legislative leaders by September
1, 1999.2 In addition, the legislature passed
a House Concurrent Resolution, "The Growing Smarter Act," which consists
of comprehensive municipal, county and state land use planning reforms,
and provides a program for continuing study and consideration of pertinent
issues relating to land use policies.3 The
Resolution, was put to a referendum vote in early November, is a response
to a citizens' growth management initiative which appeared on the ballot
Election Day 1998.4The Resolution, which was
defeated, was more comprehensive, requiring municipalities to adopt new
comprehensive plans every ten years, and providing 20 million dollars per
year in State matching funds for land conservation.5
In 1998, the Arizona legislature also enacted
a statute providing authorization to municipalities to establish procedures
for transfer of development rights,6 an innovative
technique in the smart growth toolbox.
On June 12, 1998 Governor Hull named a 15-member
Growing Smarter Commission7 to study issues
relating to growth. The Commission has established eight subcommittees8
involving more than 100 citizens from across the State. The Commission
has stated that through its work, it hopes to answer the fundamental question:
"What 10 to 20 actions can we take as a State to improve the quality of
Arizona's growth as we enter the 21st Century?9
A draft report is expected in June 1999, and with plans for a subsequent
extensive citizen participation program, a final report is anticipated
for September 1999.10
The above material is excerpted with permission
from "Smart Growth at Century's
End: The State of the States" by Patricia
E. Salkin, published in The Urban Lawyer, Sumr 1999 v 31 n 3, p.
601. For a complete copy of the article, please contact The
For an overview of Arizona's planning and
zoning statutes, see the excellent summary provided by the American
and Misses: Fast Growth in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona State
Institute for Public Policy (Tuscon, AZ: September 2000)
"Bill would allow state trust land swaps for
Republic. March 27, 2001.
"No Big Box knockout," Arizona Daily Sun. April
Arizona Main Street Program
Dept. of Commerce & Community Development
3800 North Central
Phoenix, AZ 85012
for Growth Management
P.O. Box 22
Phoenix, AZ 85001-0022
Club - Grand Canyon Chapter
812 N. 3rd Street
Phoenix, AZ 85004
7650 E Broadway Blvd, Suite 203
Tuscon, AZ 85710
Tel: (520) 455-5310
The Sonoran Institute is a private, non-profit
organization that promotes community based strategies that preserve the
ecological integrity of protected lands, and at the same time, meet the
economic aspirations of adjoining land owners and communities.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
1 1998 AZ H.B. 2361
(May 29, 1998).
2 In addition to
establishing the Commission , the Act adds new elements to turn land use
plans into growth management plans; requires greater public participation
in the creation of general plans; elevates the importance of general plans
in local and county jurisdictions; requires that zoning decisions conform
to the general plans; and provides a mechanism for the acquistion and preservation
of open spaces, including funding therefore.
3 1998 AZ HCR 2027
(May 20, 1998).
4 12-1-98 (Arizona).
5 1998 AZ HCR 2027
(May 20, 1998).
6 S.B. 1238, Ch
145 of the AZ Laws of 1997.
7 "Governor Celebrates
the Passage of Growing Smarter," Agenda for Growing Smarter Press Conference,
6/12/98; see, http://www.governor.state.az.us/news/releases/6-12-98
have been organized around the following eight topics: changes in the State
Land Department's mandate and exchange authority; reforms of municipal
and county land use statutes; creation of programs to purchase development
rights and conservation easements; reforms to regional planning processes;
concepts to improve the mangement of urban and rural growth patterns; programs
to promote urban infill, revitalization and redevelopemnt; programs to
promote rural economies; and programs to increase federal funding of the
Land & Water Conservation Fund. See, Growing Smarter Brochure, Draft
#3 2/22/99 (on file with author).
9 Growing Smarter
Brochure, Draft #3 2/22/99.
10 Id.. As early
evidence of their intention to involve the public, the Commission has established
a website donated by the Arizona Planning Association. It can be found