for the amount of protected land in California, and click here
to review California's federal transportation spending.
Center on the States &
Changing Direction: Federal Transportation
Spending in the 1990s. Surface
Transportation Policy Project
AFFORDABLE HOUSING HIGHLIGHTS
Irvine and William
and Flora Hewlett Foundations created the California 2000 (C2K) Project
to support policy research and public education on fiscal, governance,
and land use reform issues in California. C2K facilitates information-exchange
and fosters dialogue among policymakers, organizations and citizens.
To learn more about that affordable housing C2K
Campaign, click here http://www.c2kproject.net/housing.html
The California 2000 Project
980 Ninth Street, Suite 2380
Sacramento, CA 95814
Share 100K+ Housing Campaign
An innovative coalition of environmental, transportation,
and housing advocacy groups on Thursday called on Bay Area cities to build
at least 100,000 units of affordable housing in the next six years, citing
the Association of Bay Area Governments' (ABAG) Regional Housing Needs
that is expected to show a dire shortfall in housing for low and moderate
530 Bush Street, Suite 303
San Francisco, CA 94108
Farmland Protection and Urban Infill Housing
Bond Act of 2002 (AB 52)
If it passes the legislature this year and is
signed by Governor Davis, AB 52 will appear on the ballot in 2002.
AB 52 would raise money, perhaps as much as $2 billion, for farmland protection
and infill housing.
SB 910 (General Plans; Housing Elements)
SB 910 would penalize cities that do not plan
for affordable housing. The measure states that if the state finds
a local housing element to be out of compliance, a court should presume
the element is invalid. The proposal requires courts to impose fees of
up to $1,000 per unit of the jurisdiction’s fair-share housing requirement,
and — maybe most importantly— cuts off state funds for cities and counties
that do not comply with housing element law. It is bitterly opposed by
many municipal officials, especially ones in the Bay Area, who feel it
unfairly penalizes them for the hyper-inflated housing market.
For an overview of California's planning and
zoning statutes, see the excellent summary provided by the American
The newly-created Smart
Growth Caucus in the California State
Legislature is pursuing a variety of bills to encourage smart growth.
Planning and Development Report released a summary of land-use
bills intoduced in the 2001 Legislature. http://www.cp-dr.com/html/main_frames.asp?type=home
The Coastal Act of 1976 ( Cal. Pub. Res. Code
- 30000- 30900).
The policies of the Coastal Act deal with public
access to the coast, coastal recreation, the marine environment, coastal
land resources, and coastal development of various types, including energy
facilities, ports, and other industrial development.
Regional Planning Compact 1969 ( Cal. Government Code 66801).
The compact created the The Tahoe Regional Planning
Agency (TRPA). TRPA leads the cooperative effort to preserve, restore,
and enhance the unique natural and human environment of the Lake Tahoe
Region. TRPA has created a Code of Ordinances which regulates, among
other things, land use, density, rate of growth, land coverage, excavation,
and scenic impacts. These regulations are designed to bring the Region
into conformance with the threshold standards established for water quality,
air quality, soil conservation, wildlife habitat, vegetation, noise, recreation,
and scenic resources.
CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act)
Based on the National Environmental Policy Act
(NEPA, 1969) CEQA 1970 (Public Resources Code 21000-21177):
"It is the intent of the Legislature that all
agencies of the state gov. which regulate activities of private individuals,
corporations, and public agencies which are found to affect the quality
of the environment, shall regulate such activities so that major consideration
is given to preventing environmental damage, while providing a decent home
and satisfying living environment for every Californian." CEQA requires
most projects to produce an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) which is
the main opportunity for public input.
While there is not state mandate for Urban
Growth Boundaries, eleven California communities have adopted them.
The Coastal Commission was established by voter
initiative in 1972 (Proposition 20) and made permanent by the Legislature
in 1976. The mission of the Commission, as the lead agency responsible
for carrying out California's coastal management program, is to plan for
and regulate development in the coastal zone consistent with the policies
of the California Coastal Act. The Commission is also one of two designated
State coastal management agencies for the purpose of administering the
federal Coastal Zone Management Act in California.
Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC)
Created in 1965 by the Legislature the Bay Conservation
and Development Commission (BCDC) plans and regulates development of San
Francisco Bay and shoreline.
California Coastal Conservancy (CCC)
CCC is a unique state resource agency established
in 1976 by the Legislature, uses entrepreneurial techniques to purchase,
protect, restore, and enhance coastal resources, and to provide access
to the shore. We work in partnership with local governments, other public
agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private landowners.
To date, the Conservancy has undertaken more than
700 projects along the 1,100 mile California coastline and around San Francisco
Bay. These projects often accomplish more than one of our goals. The Coastal
Office of Planning and Research
Improves public access to the coast and bay shores
by acquiring land and easements and by building trails and stairways.
Protects and enhances coastal wetlands, streams and
Restores urban waterfronts for public use and coastal
dependent industries, especially commercial fishing.
Resolves coastal land use conflicts.
Acquires and holds environmentally valuable coastal
lands for purposes that are in keeping with the Coastal Act.
Accepts donations and dedications of land and easements
for public access, agriculture, open space, and habitat protection.
Serves Governor and cabinet as staff for long-range
planning and research, develops long-range goals and policies for the State,
evaluates state agency plans and programs for conformance to adopted goals
and policies, provides assistance to local gov., coordinates and assists
local permit process, operates clearinghouse for environmental documents.
State Treasurer Philip Angelides has made investing
in California'a communities a top priority of his administration.
For an overview of his policies to direct California's resources to areas
where infrastructure currently existsts, please see
Main Streets Program
California State Trade and Commerce Agency runs
the California Main Streets Program. Modeled on the successful Main
Streets Progam of the National
Main Streets Center, a project of the National
Trust for Historic Preservation, provides technical assistance to communities
seeking to revive their main streets.
Friends of Mammoth V. Board of Supervisors
State Legislature codifies CA Sup. Court ruling
extending CEQA applicability to private projects requiring discretionary
approval by public agencies.
Nolan v. California Coastal Commission,
483 U.S. 825 (1987)
U.S. Supreme Court found that the Coastal Commission's
condition to a coastal development permit requiring dedication of access
along the beach across Nollan's property was a "taking".
Brookings Report on Growth in Los Angeles
Hits the Wall: Confronting the Realities of Metropolitan Los Angeles
by the Southern California
Studies Center at USC and the Brookings
Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, shows that the Los Angeles
region is at a crisis point. There is limited additional land on which
to grow, and there are few additional resources left to consume, which
means that the region can no longer run away from its problems: a distressed
regional core, a severely taxed environment, and a fractured governance
structure. The report argues that the Los Angeles region should, and can,
Sprawl and Wildlife
A new National
Wildlife Federation White Paper, Paving
Paradise, finds for the first time on the basis of quantified
research that sprawl is the leading cause of species imperilment in California.
Outranking all other factors, sprawl contributes to the imperilment of
188 of the 286 California species listed as threatened or endangered under
the federal Endangered Species Act, or 66 percent of the state's listed
Sprawl: New Patterns of Growth to Fit California.
A report sponsored by California Resources Agency, the Bank of America,
Greenbelt Alliance and the Low Income Housing Fund. Beyond Sprawl
provides a hard-hitting concise summary of the costs of sprawl to California's
economy. The report also describes the consequences of sprawl for farmland,
the environment, older citizens, and low income people. One of the more
readable discussions of sprawl.
Report on Pedestrian Safety
A new report released by the Surface
Transportation Policy Project (STPP) finds
that pedestrians throughout California are in
serious danger navigating streets and
intersections that are increasingly built for
speed and traffic. According to the report,
by Design: Pedestrian Safety in California", Sacramento, Contra Costa,
Los Angeles, Santa Clara and San Mateo are the
state's five most dangerous
counties for 1999. Regions characterized by rapid
growth and sprawling
suburban-style development, with wide streets
and fast-moving traffic, typically pose
the worst problem.
for Smart Growth
The Smart Growth Subcommittee of the California
League of Cities has adopted "Ten Principles For Smart Growth," which will
guide future recommendations from the League. Though the League is
focused specifically on California, the principles are broad enough to
be used for any region in the country.
Fiscalization of Land Use
Prop 13; assessed value based on 1975 property
tax cannot exceed 1% of assessed value; increase in assessed value limited
to 2% a year unless ownership changes. Reliance on fees and sales
tax revenue increases competition for new high value retail and office
development, discourages investment in older communities, creates obstacles
to affordable housing development.
"Growing Pains." A series of articles in the
Sacramento Bee. http://www.sacbee.com/news/projects/growing_pains
"CELL PHONE SPRAWL LOOMS; TOWERS PROLIFERATE IN
SANTA CLARITA VALLEY". The Daily News of Los Angeles. December 11, 2000.
"Sprawl Gives High Density Housing an Appeal."
Francisco Chronicle. November 28, 2000.
"Passenger Strain: Too few seats, no place
to park. Is this any way to run a railroad?" San
Francisco Chronicle. January 28, 2001.
"BART-Oakland Airport Plan Revived Light-rail
link among 3 proposals under study." San
Francisco Chronicle. January 9, 2001.
"Job Growth Slowing in Peninsula Traffic, housing
issues threaten middle class." San
Francisco Chronicle. January 15, 2001.
"Gridlock Tightens Grip on South Bay Drivers,"
Jose Mercury. February 8, 2001.
"Proposal for Public Employee Housing Hits Snag
in Berkeley: Potential site near BART station would displace Ashby
flea market," San Francisco
Chronicle. February 20, 2001.
"Ballot Measures May Have Wider Impact in State,"
Angeles Times. March 8, 2001.
"Plan features faster, more frequent trains: Hourly
trips to Bay Area among Amtrak's goals," The
Capitol Alert. March 7, 2001.
"Amid Pines, a Model for Growth," Christian
Science Monitor. March 8, 2001.
"Auto Alternative: Car Sharing Program Can
Free San Francisco Drivers from Parking Hassles," San
Francisco Chronicle. March 9, 2001.
"L.A. railyard to become state park," Environmental
News Network. March 21, 2001.
"Land Trust Sets Sights on Diablo Range," San
Jose Mercury News. March 26, 2001.
"Cities unite to fight housing mandate," Contra
Costa Times. April 2, 2001.
"New law gives Metro buses the right of way,"
Santa Cruz Sentinel. April 3, 2001.
"Dashboard dining distracts drivers, health department
says," San Francisco Chronicle.
April 10, 2001.
"Building a Niche," Orange County Register. April
"Easements aid farmers, stop sprawl," Contra Costa
Times. April 24, 2001.
"Putting Westside on Rails," Los
Angeles Times. April 28, 2001.
"Bike lanes possible all way across bay," San
Francisco Chronicle. May 1, 2001.
"Commission aims for plan linking bikes, transit,
trails," San Jose
Mercury News. May 3, 2001.
"Firms Lobby Over Future of Billboards," Los
Angeles Times. May 7, 2001.
"Daniel Weintraub: Steinberg has a novel plan
to shape growth," Sacramento Bee. May 8, 2001.
"Berkeley's pedestrians to wave way across street:
Flags at crosswalks provide cheap safety," San
Francisco Chronicle. May 10, 2001.
Institute of Architects California Council (AIACC)
Address: 1303 J Street, Ste. 200
Sacramento, CA 95814-2935
Phone: 916 448 9082
Fax: 916 442 5346
Through the AIA's Center for Livable Communities,
architects contribute to making safe, attractive, economically viable,
and environmentally sustainable communities that offer choices in housing
and recreation; transportation alternatives; open spaces, and a shared
identity and sense of pride in our communities. In light of the goals of
the Center for Livable Communities, the AIACC and the Great Valley Center
sponsored in 1999 the "Housing the Next 10 Million" competition.
(Over the next 40 years, 10 million new residents are expected to settle
in California's agriculturally rich Central Valley.) Designers of all kinds
were asked to develop planning solutions that will help agriculture, natural
ecological systems, and urbanization to coexist in the Central Valley.
California Center for Regional Leadership
455 Market Street, Suite 1100, San Francisco,
Phone: (415) 882-7300 Fax: (415) 882-7272
Center for Land Recycling (CCLR)
Contact: George Brewster, Executive Director
Address: 116 New Montgomery Street, 3rd Floor
San Francisco, CA 94015
Website address: http://www.cclr.org
CCLR is a statewide nonprofit organization founded
in 1996 as a project of the Trust for Public Land (TPL) which focuses on
creating sustainable communities by identifying and implementing responsible
patterns of land use and development. CCLR offers consulting services,
small grants, one-day workshops, and other services to encourage and facilitate
land recycling in ways that revitalize urban areas, discourage sprawl and
conserve greenspace. One of CCLR's innovative projects is the East Bay
Land Recycling Initiative,
a partnership with the East Bay Community Foundation,
which identifies, assembles, plans and markets urban infill land to developers.
In 1998, the Center released two policy papers: "Land Recycling and the
Creation of Sustainable Communities:A Strategy for Ensuring Prosperity
and Quality of Life for Californians in the 21st Century" and "Strategies
for Promoting Brownfield Reuse in California: A Blueprint for Policy Reform,"
that analyzes California's existing brownfield
initiatives and argues that the state falls short of the mark in encouraging
widespread reuse of contaminated sites. Both reports are available
for download in the "Reports" section of this page.
Futures Network (CFN)
Oakland Office: 2201 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94612
Telephone: (510) 238-9762
Fax: (510) 238-9769
CFN is a statewide coalition created to educate
and organize at the state, regional and local levels to achieve land use
policies that are fiscally, socially and environmentally sound.
for the New Urbanism
Contact: Shelley Poticha, Executive Director
Address: The Hearst Building
5 Third St., Suite 500A
San Francisco, CA 94103
Telephone: (415) 495-2255
Fax: (415) 495-1731
Congress for the New Urbanism stands for the restoration
of existing urban centers and towns within coherent metropolitan regions,
the reconfiguration of sprawling suburbs into communities of real neighborhoods
and diverse districts, the conservation of natural environments, and the
preservation of our built legacy.
Address: 911 13th Street,
Modesto, CA 95354,
The Great Valley Center helps local interests
develop solutions to the land-use challenges facing the region. In
November 1999, the Great Valley Center in partnership with Public Policy
Institute of California released the findings of a large-scale public opinion
survey of the 18-county Central Valley. The survey founds that three in
four residents rate their community as an excellent or good place to live.
There was great uncertainty, however, about their quality of life in the
future. When residents were asked to name the most important public policy
issue facing the Central Valley today, a group of five growth-related issues
took precedence. Nearly half of those surveyed said that water (13%), the
environment and pollution (10%), population growth and development (8%),
loss of farmlands and agriculture (8%), and traffic and transportation
(6%) are the biggest problems. To keep residents up-to-date regional land-use
news, The Great Valley Center disseminates the New Valley Connexions, a
newsletter available electronically and by mail.
Contact: Tom Steinbach, Executive Director
Address: 530 Bush St., Suite 303
San Francisco, CA 94108
Telephone: (415) 398-3730
Fax: (415) 398-6530
Greenbelt Alliance is dedicated to protecting
the Bay Area’s Greenbelt of open space and to making communities a better
place to live. To complement its land conservation work, Greenbelt Alliance
actively encourages appropriate development within existing urban and suburban
Growth Alternatives Alliance
The Alliance is a new business environmental
coalition of the counties Farm Bureau, Chamber of Commerce Business Council,
American Farmland Trust and Building Industry Assn. of the San Joaquin
Valley. Its report, "A Landscape of Choice," endorses farmland preservation,
urban growth boundaries and compact development.
Venture: Silicon Valley Network
99 Alamaden Blvd., Suite 700
San Jose, California 95113-1605
Telephone: (408) 271-7213
Fax: (408) 271-7214
Joint Venture's mission is to bring people together
from business, government, education and the community to identify and
to act on regional issues affecting economic vitality and quality of life.
The group convened the Vision Leadership Project (VLT) to guide the development
of a shared vision for Silicon Valley by incorporating input from the community
and experts. As a result of this collaborative visioning process,
the Joint Venture released “Silicon Valley 2010” a document that provides
a regional framework for growing into the next century.
Contact: Paul Zykofsky,
Director, Center for Livable Communities
Address: 1414 K Street, Suite 250
Sacramento, CA 95814
Telephone: (916) 448-1198
Fax: (916) 448-8246
The LGC provides a forum (through its Center for
Livable Communities initiative) and technical assistance to enhance the
ability of local governments to create and sustain healthy environments,
healthy economies, and social equity. A nonprofit, nonpartisan, membership
organization, the Local Government Commission (LGC) is composed of elected
officials, city and county staff, and other interested individuals. The
group publishes numerous reports and guidebooks on sustainable land-use
strategies, including “The Ahwahnee Principles for Smart Economic Development:
An Implementation Guidebook” which examines 15 common principles that should
guide an integrated approach to promoting economic vitality and regional
partnerships for all communities.
275 5th Street, Suite 200
San Francisco, CA 94103
Contact: Tracy Grubbs
Telephone: (530) 582-4800.
The Sierra Business Council represents a spectrum
of business leaders throughout the region working to secure the long-term
economic and environmental health of the Sierra Nevada for this and future
Valley Manufacturing Group
Contact: Carl Guardino
Address: 226 Airport Parkway, No. 190
San Jose, CA 95110
Telephone: (408) 501-7864
Fax: (408) 501-7861
The Silicon Valley Manufacturing Group is a trade
association representing over 130 of the largest Silicon Valley employers.
SVMG works in a cooperative effort with local, regional, state and federal
government officials to address major public policy issues affecting the
economic health and quality of life in Silicon Valley.
Contact: 405 14th Street, Suite 900
Oakland, CA 94612
Urban Ecology works with individuals, community
groups and local governments to supply ideas and implementation strategies
to accommodate growth while conserving land and resources.
Address: P.O. Box 29908
San Francisco, CA, USA 94129
Founded in 1989, the Urban Habitat Program is
dedicated to building multicultural urban environmental leadership for
socially just, ecologically sustainable communities in the San Francisco
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