election 2002

A complete list of all 93 state and local measures for conservation and parks is available from Land Vote 2002, a service of the Land Trust Alliance and Trust for Public Land. 

Proposition B – San Francisco – would create 250 million in bond financing to finance the acquistion, construction and /or the rehabilitation of housing for low and moderate income households.
Measure X  - Sonoma County – A growth cap initiative that would limit the number of residential building permits within the city . Rejected
Proposition 46 – a $2.1 billion bond to fund afforadable housing.  Passed www.prop46.org

Constitutional Amendment No. 7 
Summary: Would allow counties to exempt from taxation an increase in the 
assessed value of homestead property resulting from constructing living quarters for parents or grandparents who is 62 years old or older. 

Constitutional Amendment 2 
Summary: Would allow separate valuations for qualified affordable residential developments. 

Constitutional Amendment 6 
Summary: Would permit the state and local governments to provide land, 
buildings or infrastructure to create affordable housing.

Constitutional Amendment 3 
Summary: Would allow tax incentives to encourage redevelopment of blighted property. 
Constitutional Amendment 4 
Summary: Would allow different tax rates for properties contaminated with 
hazardous waste to encourage their cleanup. 

Number 10 - 1233 
Summary: Would create programs to assist farmers for the development and enhancement of surface water resources, and create the Drought Protection Trust Fund. 

Question 2: Bond issue 
Summary: Would authorize general bonds for water pollution control and other assorted environmental issues. 

Proposal 02-02 
Summary: Would allow for the issuance of general obligation bonds to be used for great lake preservation.

The state would issue $ 200 million in bonds to fund a huge range of conservation and land acquisition projects. The initiative earmarks $ 27 million for property acquisition and maintenance at Nevada's state parks, with another $ 27.5 million for the state's Division of Wildlife, for similar projects. Nevada's Division of State Lands would receive nearly $ 66 million so that it can provide grants to state, local and private groups to be used  for recreational trails, urban parks and other "natural resource
protection projects.

Citizen’s State Initiative Number 1 
Summary: Would change Utah's regulatory and tax framework affecting the disposal and storage of radioactive waste. It provides stricter regulations, certain prohibitions, and new and increased fees and taxes.

Proposition 101 –
Allow the state to swap trust land for other parcels of public land. Failed

Measure T- Almeda County -The measure would maintain existing use of the Fremont hills for agriculture, outdoor recreation, very limited residential development and open space.  www.freemonthills2002.org
Measure I- Marin County – would prohibit development of designated “prime open space” on Tiburon Ridge.  The measure would only prohibit multi-lot development plans and would exempt affordable housing. 
Proposition 50 – a $3.44 billion bond to fund water quality projects, purchase coastal lands, and restore wetlands statewide.  Passed

Fort Collins
Open Space Initiative 200

Cherry Hills – 2A Parks and Recreation Tax
Shall Cherry Hills Village taxes be increased (by a transfer of an existing tax imposed by the South Suburban Parks and Recreation District) a maximum of $1,800,000 in the first full fiscal year and by whatever amounts are raised annually thereafter by an ad valorem property tax to be used solely for park and recreation purposes. Passed
2B Open Space Improvments 
Transfer of property taxes from the South Suburban Parks and Recreation District to Cherry Hills Village, as proposed by issue 2A above, to which of the following should some portion of the available revenue saved by the city be committed to capital improvements to and rehabilitation of new and existing trails, parks, and open space within the city. Passed
2C  Open Space Purchase
Transfer of property taxes from the South Suburban Parks and Recreation District to Cherry Hills Village, as proposed by issue 2A above, to which of the following should some portion of the available revenue saved by the city be committed to the purchase of additional open space and parks within the city. Passed
2D Open Space – Louisville, CO
Tax increase for the acquisiton of land in and around Louisville for open space buffer zones, rails, wildlife habitats, wetlands preservation and future parks; and for the development, construction, operation and maintenance of such open space zones, trails, wildlife habitats, wetlands and parks. Passed

Dakota county voters approved a $20 million open space and farmland protection referendum. $20 million in bonds will allow the county to save up to 10,000 acres. The referendum will last for 10 years and equals about $17 a year for the owner of a median-value home ($176,500). Passed

Park Bond
A statewide referendum for parks and recreation will offer $ 119 million in
bonds. The money would then be used to buy land for three new state parks, 10 new natural areas, and to add land to 19 existing state sites. $ 78 million would be used for repairs in all 34 of the state's parks. Passed

Nevada County - Ordinance D -requires Nevada County to create a claims process to reimburse property owners when the market value of their property is reduced by County regulatory actions or determinations.  Rejected

Bonding -Proposition B -State Guaranteed Transportation Revenue Anticipation Bonds and State General Obligation State Transportation Project Bonds – Total Bond Authorization $226,719,500

Proposition 100 -
Proposition 100 would raise local debt limits to 20% of the value of taxable property for road and highway  construction projects, along with land acquisition for rights-of-way. Higher debt limits for Arizona cities and towns will generate new bond
issues for road projects.  Passed 

Little Rock -Sales Tax- The Central Arkansas Transit Authority (CATA) plans to receive $15 million through the sales tax increase.  The extra funding would go to funding the second phase of the streetcar design, improving the bus service and fleet, and meeting ADA requirements for the paratransit system

Fresno – Measure C-  the half-cent county sales tax used to pay for transportation, expires June 2007 and needs voter approval by a two-thirds margin to continue.  Under the proposal before the Fresno County Board of Supervisors, every dollar that goes into the new Measure C would be broken down to allow 13 cents for public transportation, 24 cents for building roads and adding capacity in the urban area.
Riverside County -Measure A – Ballot initiative to extend the half-cent sales tax for roads and transit for another 30 years.  The current transportation tax will expire in 2009
Solano County - Measure E -would increase the County sales tax by ½ cent to fund transportation improvements including bus and rail service and local road maintance.  The measure would also finance highway expansions.  Passed
Proposition 51 – would redirect 30% of state taxes collected on motor vehicle sales and leases from the General Fund to a special fund for transportation improvements..Rejected

Boulder County – 1B Tax increase for upgrading regional transportation modes. Rejected

Miami-Dade County - voters approved a half-penny increase in the local sales tax, from 6.5 cents per dollar to 7 cents, to pay for extensive improvements in Metrobus service and construction and operation of a network of new rail lines that is to eventually reach every quadrant of the county. Passed 
Pinellas and Hillsborough Counties -Sales Tax Measure - A new sales tax of up to 1% to pay for mass transit, roads, and bridges.  County commissioners would have to put the tax to a referendum.

Baton Rouge- Property Tax - A 1.25-mill parishwide property tax to fund the public bus company.  The tax, which would cost about $3.13 a year for the owner of a $100,000 home would generate about $2.2 million for Capital Transportation Corp. beginning in 2004.

Statewide – Question 3 - Whether to amend the Constitution of Maine to allow the State to issue short-term debt in limited amounts that must be repaid with federal transportation funds within 12 months to facilitate the development of highways, bridges and other transportation projects.

Southeast Michigan - Legislative action (HB 5467, S-5)-  Creation of the Detroit Area Regional Transportation Authority .

Ballot Question 10 – Southern Nevada – (Las Vegas) 1/4 cent tax increase
Tax increases intended to raise $2.7 billion over 25 years. The higher taxes would pay for an improved Las Vegas Beltway, expanded public transit and air-quality programs      through a one-quarter cent increase in the sales tax and higher development fees and jet fuel taxes.
Reno – Transportation Funding - Proposed funding package would adjust the fuel tax to be tied to the rate of inflation, and increase the sales tax by 1/8 of a penny per dollar to fund the 2030 Regional Transportation Plan

Charlotte - City Council is considering postponing a $239 million bond referendum to pay for local streets, $50 million for light rail, sidewalks, and affordable housing.

Butler County – Sales Tax Measure - Butler County Regional Transit Authority proposed 0.25% sales tax increase to save the "BLAST" bus service.
Delaware County – Property Tax - Delaware Area Transit Agency 0.98-mill levy to improve bus service.  Would raise $3.5 million annually.
Issue 7 – Hamilton County - County-wide 1/2-cent sales tax referendum -Sales tax increase (amount not specific) for light rail and/or bus system expansion.

Statewide Bond Issue – Question 3 - would provide $63.5 million for a mixture of transporation projects throughout the state.

Charlston County -  1/2-cent sales tax increase. 25-year window  - 70% for roads and drainage, 17% for transit, 13% for green space and parkland development.

Denton County - Formation of regional transportation authority for Denton County -Transportation services for the county include regional commuter rail, express and feeder bus services, bus and park-and-ride facilities, and an elderly/disabled service.

Referendum 51
Northern Virginia transportation tax. A regional sales tax increase that would raise the levy from 4.5 cents to 5 cents per dollar to fund about $5 billion in road and transit projects over 20 years. Rejected
Prince William County – Bond Measure - $86.7 million bond measure to pay for county road work
Norfolk/Hampton Roads - Granted authority for sales tax increase referendum to fund transportation. Transportation referenda would allow a 1-cent sales tax increase to support transportation.

Referendum 51- Statewide -would establish a new transportation trust fund, using money from the existing sales tax on motor vehicles.  Rejected
Initiative 776 – Statewide - Repeal of Motor Vehicle Excise Tax – Passed
Seattle – Monorail - The $1.75 billion project would be paid for by imposing an annual motor vehicle excise tax of 1.4 per cent of the value of a vehicle
For more information on Washington State www.1000friends.org





Election 2000
State and local sprawl-related initiatives (open space bonds, transportation funding, brownfield redevelopment, general plans, etc.) 

The YES and NO following the description indicate the result of each initiative. 

* * * This site was last updated at 3:00 pm November 9. * * * 
For a more specific review of just the initiatives which dedicate public money to open space, visit http://www.lta.org/policy/referenda2000.html 

The Citizen's Growth Management Initiative, Proposition 202, would require cities and counties to adopt growth management plans to limit urban sprawl. The plans would have to set urban growth boundaries, limit development and new city services outside the boundaries, require developers to pay for roads and schools to serve new subdivisions, and protect air and water quality. Plans could not be substantially changed without voter approval, and citizens could adopt plans and amendments by initiative. The initiative would also limit wildcat subdivisions, provide for public access to state conservation lands, and amend existing laws to conform them to the initiative. NO 

Proposition 100, is an initiative placed on the ballot by the Arizona Legislature which would, among other things, allow up to 3 percent of state trust land to be permanently set aside rather than sold.  Much of the Arizona environmental community believes this initiative would unfairly benefit ranchers and developers, and allow too much state land to be sold off for development.  Proposition 100 had been struck down by the Arizona Superior Court in August, but the state's  appeal was upheld by the Arizona Supreme Court. NO

Alameda County
(1) The Bay Area Transportation and Land Use Coalition is working to pass Measure B to extend Alameda County's transportation sales tax, that would provide a $186 million increase for transportation alternatives. YES
(2) Alameda County voters will also decide on the Save Agriculture and Open Space Lands Initiative sponsored by the Sierra Club SF Bay Chapter, Greenbelt  Alliance, and Palomares Home Owners Association. The measure establishes a county Urban Growth Boundary which will focus urban development in and near existing cities where it will, they argue, be more efficiently served by public facilities. NO
San Luis Obispo County
Similar to ballot initiatives passed in Napa County (1990) and Ventura County (1998), the Save our Open Space and Agricultural Resources (SOAR) initiative will require voter approval of zoning changes for agricultural and rural lands in the county. NO
Santa Clara County
There is a proposal to extend Santa Clara County's transportation sales tax which expires in 2006.  The Bay Area Transportation and Land Use Coalition has concerns about the projects to be funded by the extention, and believes it would be prudent to vote on a better proposal later after further community input. YES
Sonoma County
The Rural Heritage Initiative would require voter approval for any changes made in the existing general plan zoning on rural and agricultural lands and any increases in housing density in these areas. With RHI, cities will still be able to decide how much land they want to annex and develop.  Similar ballot initiatives were passed in Napa and Ventura Counties in 1990 and 1998 respectively. Over the last ten years, voters in Sonoma County have supported growth control measures with six out of the nine cities in the county passing urban growth boundaries. NO

Several more cities and counties in California have ballot initiatives focusing on transportation and growth. For a complete list, please visit the Surface Transportation Policy Project's website for its California campaign.

The Responsible Growth Initiative (Amendment 24) is being promoted by a coalition environmental, land use planning, and community groups as way to preserve open space in Colorado.  The legislation would require the following:
 * Cities and counties must prepare maps of any outlying areas where future development is expected, outlining the location and general densities and uses of  the land. The plans must be submitted to local voters for approval before construction is allowed in undeveloped areas. 
* Cities and counties would describe to voters the projected impacts of the new development, including its costs and effect on traffic, schools, open space, air quality and emergency services. 
* Development would only be allowed in areas where localities can afford the costs, including financing, to build roads and central water and sewer systems within a ten-year period. NO
Issue 2A will institute a 0.25% sales and use tax to acquire, develop and maintain a) open spaces and b) community and neighborhood parks. NO
For more information:  Bob Dyer, ASAP, bob@rcdyer.com
Issue 2B will increase its debt and then also it’s property taxes “to pay for acquiring, constructing, installing and equipping park and open space projects.”  For more information:  Aurora City Clerk, 303-739-7000 NO
“Shall the issuance of building permits in the Town of Berthoud for the construction of new residential dwelling units be limited to 2% - 5% of the total number of residential dwelling units on December 31, 2000 and for each year  thereafter?” 
For more information, Meredith Hutmacher, mhutmacher@sprynet.com
City of Boulder
Boulder residents will vote on a property tax increase that would buy about 3,000 local households a Denver Regional Transit District ECO pass. Property taxes would go up about $50 to $100 annually to pay for the bus passes for every resident in seven separate neighborhoods. YES
City of Boulder
#201 will enact a tax increase on both the commercial excise tax (+$1.25 / sq. ft.) and general sales tax (+0.09%) to fund Boulder’s existing affordable housing program and others that the city council might create. For more information:  Peggy Wrenn, 303-443-7092                  Boulder County
Issue 1A will continue an existing 0.1% sales and use tax for the purpose of continuing revenues “for purposes of open space acquisition and improvements." YES

For more information:  Boulder County Elections, 303-413-7740 

1b asks voters to allow the city to retain excess tax revenue (which, under the  TABOR amendment to the CO constitution, must otherwise be returned to voters in the form of tax refunds), “to spend for affordable housing and transportation improvement projects.” For more information:  Yes on 1b, 303-592-8900 
Eagle County
Issues 4G-4J are a series of questions which concern different aspects of the creation, organization and funding of the “Roaring Fork Open Space Park and Recreation District.” The district would be funded by a property tax not to exceed 2.5 mills, and would concern itself with purchasing land and easements for open space, parks, access to rivers and public lands, trails, growth buffers between communities, and the preservation of agricultural lands.                     For more information:  Charlie Williams, 970-945-8571 
Garfield County
A 2.5-mill property tax would generate $1 million annually, costing the owner of a $300,000 home about $75 a year.  The tax could create enough revenue to service a $10 million bond for land acquisitions. 
Issue 2B will increase its sales and use tax by 0.2% and increase its debt to “acquire, improve, and maintain open space.”  For more information:  Don Bessler, 303-651-8630 YES
#200 will require that the issuance of new building permits for new residential dwelling units limited to 2% of the existing housing base, to be recalculated annually. For more information:  Roger Hoffman, Grow Slow Loveland, roger_hoffman@non.agilent.com
Roaring Fork Valley 
Voters in Colorado's Roaring Fork Valley, stretching from Glenwood Springs to Aspen, will vote on a measure to create a Transportation Authority.  The Transportation Authority would be funded by sales tax or a visitor/bed tax and make road and transit decisions for the entire district.  For more information,  contact Alice Hubbard at the Roaring Fork Transit Agency at 970-963-9012. NO
Weld County
Issue 1A will institute a 0.25% sales and use tax to fund the county  “Land Preservation Fund” which works to protect and preserve agricultural lands, watersheds, riparian corridors and wildlife habitat. For more information:  Don Sandoval, Citizens for Weld Land Preservation,    970-686-7724 NO
To see the results of more local ballot initiatives in Colorado, please visit                 http://www.tpl.org/tpl/LandVote2000/

Statewide YES 
This measure will provide funding for a "monorail" line connecting five of Florida's largest cities.  For more information about the initiative, please visit http://election.dos.state.fl.us/cgi-bin/comhtml.exe?account=30427

Broward County
A $400 million open space bond will purchase land primarily in the western part of the county while also dedicating money to reclaim urban open space in the more urban eastern section.  To read an article in the Miami Herald about the initiative,  please visit                   http://www.herald.com/content/today/news/broward/digdocs/092524.htmYES
Alachua County
A $29 million bond to acquire, improve and manage environmentally significant                    land. YES
Leon County 
A 1 cent sales tax renewal for 15 years to raise $728 million for traffic relief, clean lakes, and to protect and expand parks. YES
Seminole County
A $25 million bond to acquire and improve natural lands, trails, and greenways.
Volusia County
A $40 million bond for acquisition and improvement of land, water, and recreation resources. YES

A $27 million bond for public plazas and greenspace. YES 
Three other bond issues for pedestrian safety, sidwalks, and streets all passed. 
Cobb County
A 1-cent 15-month sales tax for parks, roads, and sidewalks. YES

Madison County, Monroe County, St. Claire County, & Clinton County 
These four jurisdictions, along with three neighboring jurisdictions in Illinois, propose a 0.1 percent sales tax increase to create two very similar, but seperate, regional park districts that will work cooperatively.  The Illinois District will be called the  "Metro-East Park District". 
St. Claire  YES
Monroe NO
Madison YES
Clinton NO

A $1.5 million open space bond will buy both land and development rights. YES

6 bonds are currently on the ballot in Detroit.  2 of these are particularly relevant for Detroit citizens concerned about livable communities:  Proposition R, which seeks $56 million for city parks and recreation areas, zoo and other cultural institutions, and Prop. D, which seeks $30 million for city redevelopment projects, primarily in neighborhoods.  YES

$3.5 million bond issue for land acquisiton. YES
Washington County 
Question 1 is a $13.5 million open space bond to provide funds to acquire and manage conservation easements and other interests in property.  About 82,000 acres in the county, mostly along the St. Croix River Valley, have been identified as being in the green corridor. NO

The SAVE OUR SCENERY 2000 Campaign is a citizen’s initiative to put the billboard issue to a statewide vote.  The initiative, Proposition A, would stop new billboard construction on interstate and primary highways, such as I-44, I-70, I-64/40, I-55, I-35, Highways 21, 65, 63, 71 and 54. On-premise signs and official traveler information / tourist signs would not be affected. Existing billboards would not have to be taken down. NO
A 1/4-cent sales tax for five years to build, maintain, and purchase parks. YES
Kansas City
A 1/2-cent sales tax for 20 years to fund a $1.2 billion light-rail plan.  Plans call  for the sales tax to generate some $500 million for construction with the federal government providing $500 million in matching funds.  The 35-mile line would run from Waldo to Kansas City International Airport with an east-west span from Bruce R. Watkins Drive to the Country Club Plaza along Volker Boulevard.  It would also include a connection for the proposed Johnson County  communter-rail project. NO
St. Louis City, St. Louis County, & St. Charles County
These three jurisdictions, along with four neighboring jurisdictions in Illinois, propose a 0.1 percent sales tax increase to create two very similar, but seperate, regional park districts that will work cooperatively.  The Missouis District will be called the  "Metropolitan Park and Recreation District". All three counties voted YES

Gallatin County
A $10 million bond issue for land purchases and conservation easements. YES

Douglas County
A 1/4 cent sales tax increase for 29 years for land purchases and conservation easements.NO
Washoe County
A $38.3 million bond issue for acquiring and maintaining parks, trails, and libraries. YES

New Jersey 
A technical measure regarding the dedication of petroleum and auto sales tax to the Transportation Trust Fund. A "yes" vote would allow close to $1 billion per year over the next four years to flow into the Fund, intended to pay for mass transit and highway capital projects across the state. Disapproval would leave the Fund with only enough money to service the interest on its debt.  For more information, visit the Tri-State Transportation Campaign. YES

To see the results of the many local ballot initiatives in the State of New Jersey,                   please visit http://www.tpl.org/tpl/LandVote2000/ 

New Mexico 
Bernalillo County
A $1.5 million bond issue to acquire land and expand parks and recreational                    facilities. YES
Bernalillo County
A $25 million property tax extention to acquire land. YES
Santa Fe County
An $8 million general-obligation bond would  continue its open space aquisition program known as the Wildlife, Mountains, Trails and Historic Places Program. The county can use the bond money to purchase easements, trails, watersheds, natural and historical areas, mountains and foothills, sacred sites, land for wildlife and native plants, arroyos and river parkways, agricultural land and property for neighborhood parks. YES

New York
Proposition #1, the Tranportation Infrastructure Bond Act of 2000, is a legislative statute referendum to authorize $3,800,000,000 in bonds for transportation infrastructure. Approximately, one half of this money will be allocated towards transit. NO

To see the results of the many local ballot initiatives in the State of New York,                    please visit http://www.tpl.org/tpl/LandVote2000/

North Carolina
A $3.5 million bond issue to acquire and improve land for public parks. YES
A $34.2 million bond issue for recreational facilities and parks.YES
The City of Raleigh is proposing a $75 million city bond initiative.  $45 million will be allocated toward road widening  projects including funding for sidewalks and bicycle lanes.  Significantly, none of  the $45 million will be allocated for transit even though traffic in the Research Triangle has greatly worsened over the past decade.  The additional $30 million will be split among parks ($16 million for acquisition and construction) and affordable housing ($14 million). YES
Wake County
A $15 million bond issue for open space. YES

State officials have placed a bond initiative on the ballot, State Issue #1, which will make available $400 million for brownfield redevelopment and open space and farmland preservation. YES
Issue 2 is a 1.8-mill levy that would generate $ 16 million a year for operation and conservation costs for the extensive Five Rivers MetroParks system for 10 years. The levy would replace the current 1.2-mill levy that created the park system. 
Erie County
Property tax increase to acquire and preserve 1400-acre Edison Woods. NO
Geauga Park District
Property tax increase to acquire, preserve, and protect lands. YES
A $25 million bond issue to acquire and improve West Creek Valley for conservation and recreation purposes. YES

Measure 7, a "takings initiative", would require state and local governments to  compensate property owners if government regulations lessesn the value of their  property. The measure, sponsored by Oregonians in Action, is thought by many in Oregon to be a direct attack on Oregon's model land use laws which are  largely responsible for Oregon's preservation of farmland and open space, even as population has increased.  1000 Friends of Oregon, a leading grassroots organization advocating smart growth, has information on how this initiative could seriously weaken these and other environmental laws. YES
Ballot Measure 2 would amend the Oregon Constitution to create a new process to review administrative rules by the Legislative Assembly upon the petition of at least 10,000 qualified voters.  The Legislative Assembly would then have to approve an administrative rule by passing the bill, if the bill does not "pass" then it becomes null and void.  A large majority of Oregon's environmental, planning  and civic (not to mention labor and business) organizations oppose this measure  because, they argue, powerful interests will be able to overturn important regulations and statutes (including all of Oregon's Statewide Planning Goals) without a vote of the people or the Legislature. NO
Blue Heron Recreation District
A $7.6 million property tax increase to purchase and preserve open space for recreational purposes. NO
A $7.9 million bond issue for open space purchases. YES
North Clackamas Parks & Recreation District
Property tax increase to maintain parks, programs, services, and to provide more open space, natural areas, trails, pathways and recreational opportunities. NO 
Tualatin Hills Park and Recreation District 
Property tax increase for maintenance, land acquisition, and capital improvements. NO

Hilltown Township 
Earned income tax increase to buy open space, development rights, conservation/agricultural easements 
Upper Makefield
In the suburbs of Philadelphia, the township of Upper Makefield is proposing a $15 million open space bond to purchase the rights to undeveloped land in the wooded township of 9,600 people along the Delaware River. 

Rhode Island 
Question 1 will provide $34 million for open space purchaces through public, private and nonprofit agencies.  The $34 million bond will be used to leverage other funding sources, resulting in a total of $80 million or more for open space protection over ten years. YES
Question 3 is a legislative statute referendum.  Approval of this question will authorize the State of Rhode Island to issue general obligation bonds and refunding bonds in an amount not to exceed $62,510,000 to match federal funds and fund improvements to the State’s highways, roads and bridges and to purchase buses for the Rhode Island Public Transit Authority’s fleet. YES
A $2 million open space bond will provide matching funds for open space purchases if Question 1 passes. YES
A $1.5 million open space bond. YES
A $1 million open space bond.  YES

South Carolina 
Beaufort County 
A $40 million bond to purchase open space and development rights. YES
Charleston County
Voters will decide whether or not to raise a local sales tax by one-half cent to pay for roads and transit. It would raise approximately $1.2 billion over the next 25 years, 35 percent of which would be for transit. NO
Town of Hilton Head
A $20 million bond to purchase open space, parks, and manage growth. YES

Austin Metro Area
A transit initiative this Fall will let voters dedicate exisitng transportation funds towards a 22 mile $919 mile light rail line through the city.  The alignment would connect the University of Texas, the Texas Capitol, high-tech employees, and the central business district.  To learn more about the initiative and the campaign to pass  it please contact Sheila Holbrook-White at Texas Citizen Action at 512-699-8136 or visit www.lightrailnow.org. NO
A $13.4 million bond issue for open space acquisition. YES
A $150 million bond for highway and road construction, HOV lanes, and bicycle and pedestrian facilities. YES
Galveston County
Proposition 1 is a $35 million bond to fund 27 road and bridge projects. YES
Proposition 3 is a $1.3 million to study and design one leg of the proposed Grand Parkway highway project.  YES

Salt Lake Area
Voters in the communities of Spanish Fork, Mapleton and Payson in the Salt Lake area will decide whether or not to stay part of the Utah Transit Authority. 
Wasatch Front
A 1/4 cent sales tax will be on the ballot in Salt Lake, Weber and Davis counties in Utah's Wasatch Front to expand transit services.  It approved in all three counties, the measure would provide the Utah Transit Authority with additional funding for a commuter rail line connecting Ogden and Salt Lake City and increased bus service. YES

I-745 increases road spending and makes it the transportation priority, at the expense of other transportation choices.  I-745 would require 90 percent of  transportation funds to be spent on road construction, improvement, and maintenance.  It would also require all local transportation plans to be updated to  make road and lane construction the top priority.  I-745 will increase road spending and make that the sole transportation priority at the expense of, critics argue, other transportation choices. NO
King County
A tax increase measure would seek to restore some $80 million to local bus service that was lost after last year’s passage of Initiative 695.  If the increase is approved, sales tax in King County, Washington would increase by two cents  for every $10 spent. YES
Lake Forest Park
A $3.5 million bond to acquire, preserve, and develop parks and open space. YES 
Initiative 53 would require the city of Seattle to undertake a one- or two-year study of possible monorail routes. It would also set aside some $200 million toward the construction of a monorail system. YES
Proposition #1 would allow the City of Seattle to increase regular property taxes for up to eight years to collect up to $198.2 million for neighborhood parks, green spaces, trails, and the zoo. YES

Door County
A $15 million bond issue to purchase land for conservation and recreation. NO

  * For a comprehensive listing of all transit related initiatives that have qualified for the Fall 2000 ballot, please visit Transit Vote's website. Transit Vote is a non-partisan effort to mobilize transit riders around the country to participate in the political process. 

 ** If people are working on, or know of, other relevant ballot initiatives (for good or ill) that have qualified for the November ballot, please let us know at jbailey@sprawlwatch.org

The Land Trust Alliance recently released the first comprehensive analysis of the 1999 ballot questions on open space funding, entitled, Voter's Invest in Open Space: 1999 Referenda Results.  Last year, voters in communities across the country passed 90% of the 102 measures on the ballot, and authorized more than $1.8 billion in local taxing authority and bonds for the protection of open spaces and parks.  This publication can be viewed on LTA's website at: http://www.lta.org/1999referenda.html

                   Results of Land Use and Sprawl Related Measures That Appeared on
California's March 7, 2000 Primary Ballot

                    For an analysis of fifteen local ballot measures, link to California Planning and
Development Report.

                        Results of Local Ballot Measures Related to Land Use, Growth
Management and Quality of Life Issues That California Voters
March 7, 2000 

                               November 1999 Ballot Measure Results