||One of the
most pernicious results of sprawl has been its impact on African-Americans,
Latinos, and on the nation's race relations. Urban disinvestment,
white flight, and the concentration of poverty and minorities within city
boundaries may seem like "natural" facts of economic life -- tragic but
unavoidable. But in fact, the "residential apartheid" that prevails
in so many metropolitan regions derives from deliberate policy choices.
with Neighborhood Change: A Primer on Gentrification and Policy Choices,
(Brooking Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan
Policy and PolicyLink. April 2001.)
Zoning: Meeting Urban Design and Affordable Housing Objectives,
(PAS Report 494 September 2000 by Marya Morris, AICP)
Should Run the Housing Voucher Program? A Reform Proposal,
(Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy and the
Urban Insitute Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center. November
A Study of the Relationship Between Affordable
Family Rental Housing and Home Values in the Twin Cities, (Family
Housing Fund-Minneapolis, MN September 2000.)
Bullard, Robert D., editor.
Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and
Communities of Color (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994).
This path-breaking volume surveys the growing "environmental
justice" movement, in which diverse minority groups struggle to protect
their communities from becoming dumping grounds for toxic wastes and sites
for dirty, hazardous industrial facilities. Sixteen authors give accounts
of their environmental campaigns.
Bullard, Robert D, and Glenn S. Johnson, editors.
Transportation: Dismantling Race & Class Barriers to Mobility
(Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society Publishers, 1997).
Transportation expenditures for new highways and
mass transit are disproportionately skewed to benefit the wealthy and educated
compared to people of color and lower-income citizens. In twelve essays
by leading activists, attorneys and academics, this book explores the racist
dimensions of transit.
Frey, William and Elaine Fielding. Changing
Urban Populations, Regional Restructuring, Racial Polarization, and Poverty
Concentration. (Population Studies Center, Ann Arbor, MI: University
of Michigan Press, February 1994).
Orfield, Gary and Susan E. Eaton, Dismantling
Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown v. Board of Education
(New York: The New Press, 1996).
A massive, detailed history of the struggles since
the 1954 Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education, to
integrate the nation's public schools. Chapter 11, Orfield (brother of
Myron) and Eaton direct the Harvard Project on School Desegregation.
"The State of Low Income Housing". Journal of
Housing and Community Development (National Association of Housing and
Community Redevelopment Officials. Nov./Dec. 2000).
"Interfaith group seeks urban change" The
Detroit News. August 7, 2000.
"Two Cities Emerge in Rouse's Columbia." Baltimore
Sun. November 26, 2000.
Zoning Struck Down in Texas". The Nimby Report (National
Low Income Housing Coalition. December 2000).
"Neglected West Oakland Poised for Revival--Before
Freeways It was a Swinging 'Hood." San
Francisco Chronicle. January 2, 2001.
"Group Urges More Rental Housing," Washington
Post. March 13, 2001.
Brownfields Programs Take National Stage," www.stateline.org.
March 19, 2001.
Administration Raises Loan Limits on FHA-Insured Multi-Family Construction,"
HUD News Release. March 20, 2001.
"Both sides can benefit in 'mother-in-law' arrangement,"
Times. April 15, 2001.
Bob Wing, Executive Director
4096 Piedmont Avenue, PMB 319
Oakland, CA 94611-5221
Clark Atlanta University
Justice Resource Center
223 James P. Brawley Drive, S.W.
Atlanta, GA 30314
on Race and Poverty
University of Minnesota Law School
415 Law Center
229 - 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
Angela Glover Blackwell, President
Oakland, CA 94607
Carl Anthony, Executive Director
PO Box 29908 Presidio Station
San Francisco, CA 94129-9908