One of the most pernicious results of sprawl has been its impact on African-Americans, Latinos, and on the nation's race relations.  Urban disinvestment, white flight, and the concentration of poverty and minorities within city boundaries may seem like "natural" facts of economic life -- tragic but unavoidable.  But in fact, the "residential apartheid" that prevails in so many metropolitan regions derives from deliberate policy choices. 

Reports, Books, Articles & Organizations

Dealing with Neighborhood Change: A Primer on Gentrification and Policy Choices,
(Brooking Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy and PolicyLink. April 2001.)

Incentive Zoning: Meeting Urban Design and Affordable Housing Objectives, (PAS Report 494 September 2000 by Marya Morris, AICP)

Who Should Run the Housing Voucher Program? A Reform Proposal, (Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy and the Urban Insitute Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center. November 2000.)

A Study of the Relationship Between Affordable Family Rental Housing and Home Values in the Twin Cities, (Family Housing Fund-Minneapolis, MN September 2000.)
Bullard, Robert D., editor. 

Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and Communities of Color (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994). 
This path-breaking volume surveys the growing "environmental justice" movement, in which diverse minority groups struggle to protect their communities from becoming dumping grounds for toxic wastes and sites for dirty, hazardous industrial facilities. Sixteen authors give accounts of their environmental campaigns. 
Bullard, Robert D, and Glenn S. Johnson, editors. Just Transportation: Dismantling Race & Class Barriers to Mobility (Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society Publishers, 1997). 
Transportation expenditures for new highways and mass transit are disproportionately skewed to benefit the wealthy and educated compared to people of color and lower-income citizens. In twelve essays by leading activists, attorneys and academics, this book explores the racist dimensions of transit. 
Frey, William and Elaine Fielding. Changing Urban Populations, Regional Restructuring, Racial Polarization, and Poverty Concentration. (Population Studies Center, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, February 1994).
Orfield, Gary and Susan E. Eaton, Dismantling Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown v. Board of Education (New York: The New Press, 1996). 
A massive, detailed history of the struggles since the 1954 Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education, to integrate the nation's public schools. Chapter 11, Orfield (brother of Myron) and Eaton direct the Harvard Project on School Desegregation. 
"The State of Low Income Housing". Journal of Housing and Community Development (National Association of Housing and Community Redevelopment Officials. Nov./Dec. 2000). 

"Interfaith group seeks urban change" The Detroit News.  August 7, 2000.

"Two Cities Emerge in Rouse's Columbia." Baltimore Sun. November 26, 2000.

"Fiscal Zoning Struck Down in Texas". The Nimby Report (National Low Income Housing Coalition.  December 2000).

"Neglected West Oakland Poised for Revival--Before Freeways It was a Swinging 'Hood."  San Francisco Chronicle.  January 2, 2001.

"Group Urges More Rental Housing," Washington Post. March 13, 2001.

"State Brownfields Programs Take National Stage," www.stateline.org. March 19, 2001.

"Bush Administration Raises Loan Limits on FHA-Insured Multi-Family Construction," HUD News Release. March 20, 2001.

"Both sides can benefit in 'mother-in-law' arrangement," Seattle Times. April 15, 2001.

Applied Research Center
Bob Wing, Executive Director
4096 Piedmont Avenue, PMB 319
Oakland, CA 94611-5221

Clark Atlanta University
Environmental Justice Resource Center
223 James P. Brawley Drive, S.W.
Atlanta, GA 30314

Institute on Race and Poverty
University of Minnesota Law School
415 Law Center
229 - 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Angela Glover Blackwell, President
101 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94607

Urban Habitat Program
Carl Anthony, Executive Director
PO Box 29908 Presidio Station
San Francisco, CA 94129-9908