Governor Roy E.
for the amount of protected land in Georgia, and click here
to review Georgia's federal transportation spending.
Center on the States &
Changing Direction: Federal Transportation
Spending in the 1990s. Surface
Transportation Policy Project
An extreme TV advertisement campaign run by the
Georgia Highway Contractors Association began airing in metro Atlanta recently
that claims environmentalists are "preventing us from driving cars, and
forcing us to live downtown." Similar ad campaigns can be expected
as metropolitan areas continue to turn toward, however slightly, mass transit
to comply with the federal Clean Air Act.
"Pro-road TV ads tar environmentalists as
Journal-Constitution. March 18, 2001.
Dueling editorials by Atlanta's two major dailies
have both acclaimed the ad campaign and ridiculed it. Atlanta
Journal Editorial: "Ads make a case for additional roads," March
Constitution Editorial: "Disregard Road Builder's Propeganda,"
March 21, 2001.
For an overview of Georgia's planning and
zoning statutes, see the excellent summary provided by the American
Georgia Planning Act of 1989 (HB 215) authorized
the state Department of Community Affairs to establish rules and procedures
for local government and regional agency review for development projects
with regional impacts. The Act instructs the regional agency
and local government to consider a list of factors in determining a project's
potential impacts on the environment and natural resources of the region;
the regional economy; sewer, solid waste, water, and transportation facilities;
and the ability of new residents to find housing that is accessible to
Regional Transportation Authority(GRTA)
The GRTA was created by the General Assembly
in 1999 at the urging of Governor Roy E. Barnes. The authority is
charged with combating air pollution, traffic congestion and poorly planned
development in the metro Atlanta area, which is currently out of compliance
with the federal Clean Air Act. As other areas of the state fall out of
compliance, they would also fall under the purview of GRTA. Governor Barnes
said he formed GRTA to insure that metro Atlanta can sustain its economic
growth, while maintaining the excellent quality of life that has made the
area so attractive to businesses and workers. Utilizing the "carrot",
the commission will have the power to issue bonds for transportation projects,
and using the "stick" the commission will have the broad authority to vote
down highway projects and other large developments it deems will hurt the
region's air quality.
Review and Community Planning Assistance
The Historic Preservation Division is responsible
for reviewing and commenting on federally-funded, licensed and permitted
projects to insure that significant cultural resources are identified and
considered, and works with state agencies with similar reviews required
under the Georgia Environmental Policy Act (GEPA). The Division
also assists local communities with planning for the protection of significant
properties by providing information on a variety of preservation planning
tools, such as historic district zoning, legislation, and preservation
components of community comprehensive plans. In addition, the office works
with many of the state's Regional Development Centers (RDCs) by
providing funding for preservation planning assistance through the services
of Regional Preservation Planners.
Growth Strategies Reassessment Task Force appointed by the Board
of Community Affairs recommends ways to address Georgia's expanding planning
and growth management challenge including urban sprawl, decline in air
and water quality and continued decline of urban areas. To read the
Task Force recommendations please link to: http://www.dca.state.ga.us/planning/georgiasfuture.pdf
Study Committee on Historic Preservation
The Joint Study Committee on Historic Preservation
was first created by House Resolution 425 in the 1997 Session of the Georgia
General Assembly and recreated in 1998 by Senate Resolution 552. The purpose
of both Committees was to develop recommendations for legislation, funding,
and other strategies to strengthen preservation in Georgia. Both resolutions
identified a broad slate of preservation topics for examination: community
revitalization, economic development, technological and computerization
needs, existing infrastructure, urban sprawl, regional preservation planning
services, archaeology, financial
assistance, the Georgia Heritage 2000 Program,
stewardship of historic properties, delivery of community preservation
services, and heritage tourism.
In June of 1999, the state DOT settled a lawsuit
that had been filed by the Georgia Conservancy, the Sierra Club and Georgians
for Transportation Alternatives, challenging 61 road projects in the 13-county
area. Under the terms of the settlement, only 17 of those projects can
go forward until the region adopts a transportation plan that meets air
"Group: Growth not dumb; 'Smart': Hot topic is
how to overcome local resistance". Telegraph-Herald (Dubuque, IA).
December 9, 2000.
of Atlanta Talks Keeps Road Builders Idle," New
York Times. January 4, 2001.
"Redevelopment: Turning Old Into New," Atlanta
Journal Constitution. Feb. 8, 2001.
"Road plans face barrier: Injunction requested
by environmental groups until suit to stop proposals settled," Atlanta
Journal Constitution. April 6, 2001.
"City accused of backing out of downtown project,"
Journal Constitution. April 18, 2001.
"No parking zones: Restrictions eyed as
spaces exceed requirements," Atlanta
Journal Constitution. May 8, 2001.
"Lewis: Transportation law is unfair," Atlanta
Journal Constitution. May 8, 2001.
"The Lane Ranger: Have mass transit, and a private
car," Atlanta Journal Constitution.
May 9, 2001.
"Rail Official Gives OK for Commuting," Atlanta
Journal Constitution. June 8, 2001
"State's Shown Us Studies, but Has Yet to Show
Rail Money," Atlanta Journal
Constitution. June 11, 2001.
"Private Foresters Tell Troubles to Congress,
want Farm Assistance," Atlanta
Journal Constitution. June 13, 2001.
Atlanta Neighborhood Development Program
34 Peachtree Street, Suite 1700
Atlanta, GA 30303
Justice Resource Center
Clark Atlanta University
223 Brawley Drive, SW
Atlanta, GA 30314
1776 Peachtree Street, NW,
Suite 400 South
Atlanta, GA 30309
Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation
1516 Peachtree Street, NW,
Atlanta, GA 30309
Georgians for Transportation Alternatives
1083 Austin Ave., NE
Atlanta, GA 30307
South Fulton Communties
Rural South Fulton Communities are dedicated
to preserving their rural character. Through their work with county planners
and supporting groups, the communities hope to encourage smart growth and
protect the area's natural resources so future generations may know a Rural
Brookings Institution releases report on Atlanta's Growth.
The Atlanta metropolitan area is experiencing
explosive job and population growth in the northern and outer portions
of its region and too little growth in its core and close-in southern suburbs.
These two sets of challenges are fundamentally connected. This latest report
by Brookings argues that, in order to move beyond sprawl, the Atlanta
region must understand this connection and embrace a broad set of solutions
that tackle the problems faced by these two parts of the region.
Atlanta: Social Equity Dimensions of Uneven Growth and Development,"prepared
by Robert Bullard, Clark Atlanta University.
Bullard demonstrates the social impacts of sprawl
development patterns in Atlanta. Among them are urban core poverty,
mobility, economic disinvestment, social isolation,
city and suburban school disparities, public health threats and safety
Unlevel Playing Field: How Public Policies Favor Suburban Sprawl Over Downtown
Development in Metropolitan Atlanta;"prepared by American Farmland
The paper examines the cause of sprawl and describes
how government policies affect land values and drive development. The study
finds that transportation, zoning, housing and tax policies in metro Atlanta
are moving economic development and opportunities farther into the suburbs.
Land Use Impacts on Household Travel Choice and Vehicle Emissions in the
Atlanta Region;" prepared by Larry
Frank of Georgia Institute of Technology.
The study documents how land use impacts both
household travel choices and vehicle emissions. It concludes that people
who live in areas that are compact in nature and interconnected with commercial
and employment districts, drive and pollute less.
Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability;"prepared
by Myron Orfield, executive director of Metropolitan Area Research and
a Minnesota State Legislator.
By mapping social and economic trends, Atlanta
Metropolitics shows that sprawl is a region-wide and not just a center-city
problem. As the wave of social and economic stress grows in the older suburbs,
tides of middle-class homeowners sweep into fringe communities. Growing
cities and counties, facing tremendous service and infrastructure needs,
offer development incentives that allow them to capture the most tax base.
In doing so, they lock the region into sprawling development patterns.
Orfield, who has studied regional polarization in 14 of the 25 largest
metropolitan areas of the U.S., recommends regional land use planning,
regional equity, and regional structural reform as viable strategies for
The Atlanta based Turner Foundation, Inc., reprinted
a series of articles that ran in the Atlanta-Journal Constitution examining
the issues of smart growth and sprawl statewide. Included in the publication
is the special June 1997 editorial series that was also published in the
morning Atlanta Constitution and Sunday Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
To order a free copy of Managing Sprawl contact: Sprawl
Georgia's State Implementation Plan for the
Atlanta Ozone Non-attainment Area, prepared by the Georgia Department
of Natural Resources Environmental Protection Division (October 28, 1999)
CALENDAR OF EVENTS