Donald T. DiFrancesco
for the amount of protected land in New Jersey, and click here
to review New Jersey's federal transportation spending.
Center on the States &
Changing Direction: Federal Transportation
Spending in the 1990s. Surface
Transportation Policy Project
AFFORDABLE HOUSING HIGHLIGHTS
Current Statewide Campaigns:
New Jersey Future has instigated a statewide
smart growth campaign publicizing policies local governments can institute
to enable smart growth. For affordable housing the campaign suggests
Replace today's affordable housing system with a
system that eliminates builder's remedies, but requires communities to
build affordable housing as a fixed percentage of their growth.
New Jersey should adopt a "Growth Share" approach
endorsed by several housing advocates. Under this approach, every
municipality would project and quantify its residential, commercial and
industrial growth over the next 10 years, and be required to set aside
a fixed percentage of that growth for affordable housing.
Abolish Regional Contribution Agreements. RCA
money currently funneled into needy communities for additional affordable
housing can be replaced by tax sharing and other needed modifications to
today's property tax system. http://www.njfuture.org/HTMLSrc/prosperity_summary.html
114 West State Street
Trenton, NJ 08608
For an overview of New Jersey's planning and
zoning statutes, see a summary provided by the American
Planning Act (1985) (NJSA 52:18A-196 et seq.)
In 1985, the New Jersey State Legislature adopted the State Planning Act.
The Act created a 17 member State
Planning Commission and an Office
of State Planning to address statewide planning issues. It mandated
that the Commission:
The Act legislated a cross-acceptance process that
requires municipalities, stakeholders and citizens to coordinate planning.
Cross-acceptance requires the state’s 21 counties and its 566 municipalities
to conduct a detailed review of their own land-use and functional plans,
as well as ordinances and regulations implementing those plans.
prepare and adopt within 18 months after the enactment
of the Act, and revise and re-adopt at least every three years thereafter,
a State Development and Redevelopment Plan which would provide a coordinated,
integrated and comprehensive plan for the growth, development, renewal
and conservation of the State and its regions;
prepare and adopt as part of the State Plan a long-term
infrastructure needs assessment, which would provide information on present
and prospective conditions, needs and costs with regard to State, county
and municipal capital facilities;
develop and promote procedures to facilitate cooperation
and coordination among State agencies and local governments.
Development and Redevelopment Plan Adopted
in 1992, the Plan is the first to be adopted by the State Planning Commission
and is aimed at directing current and future development toward existing
urban centers. The Plan creates a statewide policy structure with goals
and strategies. Three of those eight
• Revitalize state's urban centers and areas
• Conserve state's natural resources
• Promote beneficial economic growth, development
The Plan creates a statewide planning map that
designates growth and preservation areas. The Plan is not a regulation
but a policy guide to coordinate the planning and decision making process
of state, regional and local agencies.
On March 31, 1999, the New Jersey State Planning
Commission approved a "new and improved" version of its blueprint for "smart
approval of the 1999 Interim Plan is one of the steps in the
extensive public "cross-acceptance" process to review and revise the 1992
State Development and Redevelopment Plan. Following an independent assessment
of the potential fiscal, social and environmental impacts of the Interim
Plan and a series of public hearings, the Commission is expected to adopt
a revised State Plan in December 1999.
On March 1, 2001 the State Planning Commission
adopted its latest blueprint for growth in New Jersey.
New Jersey Future provides a useful website
on the New Jersey State Plan.
Acres, Farmland and Historic Preservation, and Blue Acres Bond Act of 1995,
(P.L.1995, c.204), and nine previous similar bond acts enacted in 1961
("New Jersey Green Acres Bond Act of 1961" P.L.1961, c. 46),
1971 (P.L.1971, c. 165), 1974 (P.L.1974, c. 108), 1978 (P.L.1978, c. 118),
1981, 1983, 1987, 1989, and
1992, and various implementing laws. The Green
Acres Program was created in 1961 to meet New Jersey's recreation and
conservation needs. Green Acres focuses
primarily on acquiring land that creates linkages between existing protected
lands to form open space corridors. So far, more than 390,000 acres
of conservation and recreation land have been or are being preserved. On
November 3, 1998, New Jersey voters approved a referendum which creates
a stable source of funding for open space, farmland, and historic preservation
and recreation development. (See below under "Senate
Concurrent Resolution 66.")
N.J. Stat. Ann., 40:55D-42.
Authorizes a municipality to adopt an ordinance requiring a developer to
pay the pro-rata share of the costs of providing reasonable and necessary
street improvements and water, sewer and drainage facilities, that are
located outside the development boundaries but necessitated by construction
within the development boundaries. The impact fee may be assessed
as a condition for approval of a subdivision or cite plan.
and Contaminated Site Remediation Act.
Governor Whitman signed the Brownfield and Contaminated Site Remediation
Act on January 6, 1998. The Act created the Brownfields Redevelopment
Task Force, an eleven member task force consisting of government entities
confirmed by the Governor.
Brownfields Program at the New Jersey State Planning Office
The Hazardous Discharge Site Remediation Fund
is a financing program targeted at New Jersey brownfield situations. This
program includes $75 million low-interest loan/grant program and loans
and grants up to $1 million to private entities for remediation activities.
To learn more about the program, click to The Northeast-Midwest Institute's
The Regional Plan Association reviews New Jersey
Brownfield programs on its website. Click to New
Jersey Metropolitan Brownfields Initiative
Senate Concurrent Resolution
66. Passed by the electorate on the November 1998 ballot
as Public Question No. 1, the constitutional amendment dedicates $98 million
annually from the state sales tax over 10 years to purchase land for recreation
and conservation purposes, farmland conservation preservation, and historic
preservation. In March,1999, Governor Christie Whitman, Senate President
Donald DiFrancesco and Assembly Speaker Jack Collins announced the introduction
of the legislation to implement the ballot initiative.
"The Garden State Preservation Trust Act" provides that $6 million
of the Fund will be allocated annually for historic preservation and the
remaining funds will be shared between open space and farmland at a 60/40
Jersey Chapter of the APA website contains an excellent legislative
Jersey Office of State Planning
Staff of the NJ State Planning Commission and
the NJ Brownfields Task Force. Through the State Plan, the Office works
to improve the efficiency and reduce the cost of land
development and infrastructure.
Jersey State Long Range Transportation Plan
Offers a current status report on the statewide
long-range transportation plan being developed by the New Jersey Department
of Transportation and NJ TRANSIT.
Case: In 1996, the New Jersey Council of Affordable
Housing (COAH) issued its approval for construction of a large adult
housing development in the scenic township of Hillsborough on open, agricultural
land -- land that the Plan identified as inappropriate for intensive development.
New Jersey Future sued the state for ignoring the State Plan. The Appellate
Division of the State Superior Court ordered COAH in 1998 to re-examine
its decision. Five months later, COAH rescinded its certification
for development. Source: New
Jersey Future, Land Use Case Summary
with the Future in Mind: Goals and Indicators of New Jersey's Quality of
1999 Sustainable State Progress Report. New
"State preservation trust calls for millions
more to save land," The New
April 19, 2001.
"A town's development dilemma: Designated
as an area for high-density growth, Egg Harbor is now trying to cope with
Inquirer. March 25, 2001.
"Last Hope to Cut Sprawl Put into Action."
New Jersey Star-Ledger. March 2, 2001.
"Building Schools in the Middle of Nowhere." The
New Jersey Star-Ledger. February 21, 2001.
"State Plan to Help Pinelands." The
New Jersey Star-Ledger. February 20, 2001.
"Whitman Toughens Rules for Developers." The New
Jersey Star-Ledger. January 24, 2001.
"Forest Legacy Program saves 525 more acres of
Farny Highlands." Gannett News Service. December 9, 2000.
"Flashy Downtown Revival Rests on Neighborhoods."
November 27, 2000.
Jersey Future is a nonprofit organization founded by 1987 by concerned
civic, environmental and corporate leaders in New Jersey to address the
state's rapid growth. Today, New Jersey Future continues to advocate
for planning, conservation and economic development policies that will
help crete a sustainable future.
Barbara Lawrence, Executive Director. Contact:
204 West State Street, Trenton, NJ 08608, fax 609/393-1189. Njfuture@njfuture.org
Middlesex Somerset Mercer Regional Council (MSM)
was established in 1968 to advocate the best use of the land in the MSM
region. MSM was founded on the premise that successful land use policies
cross municipal boundaries, bridge the public and private sectors, and
relate to all the region’s citizens. Contact: MSM Regional Council, 870
Mapleton Road, Princeton, NJ 08540-9538, Phone: 609/452-1717.
Regional Plan Association is the nation's oldest
and most influential independent regional planning organization.
Since 1923, RPA has worked to improve the quality of life in the 31-county
New York-New Jersey-Connecticut metropolitan area by creating long-term
comprehensive plans and promoting their implementation across political
Jersey Chapter of the American Planning Association
The mission of the New Jersey Chapter of the
American Planning Association is to promote sound planning as a process
essential to improving the quality of life of the citizens of New Jersey.
Jersey Historic Trust
Established in 1967, the New Jersey Historic
Trust is the only nonprofit historic preservation organization in New Jersey
created by State law. P.O. Box 457, 506-508 E. State Street, Trenton, New
Jersey 08625-0457, phone: 609/984-0473
CALENDAR OF EVENTS