Aspen Institute, Suburbs and Cities: Changing
Patterns of Metropolitan Living (Washington, D.C.:
The Aspen Institute Domestic Strategy Group, 1995).
A report on the 1995 deliberations of the Aspen Institute's
bipartisan Domestic Strategy Group, along with four essays on sprawl-related
topics: Kenneth Jackson on the consequences of sprawl and cheap transportation,
Douglas Massey on the new geography of inequality, Anthony Downs on suburban
governance issues, and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk on improving community design.
Benfield, Kaid, Raimi, Matthew and Chen, Donald,
There Were Greenfields; How Urban Sprawl Is Undermining America's Environment,
Economy, and Social Fabric(Natural Resources Defense Council, 1999).
A joint project of the Natural Resources Defense
Council and the Surface Transportation Policy Project teh book documents
the consequences of sprawling growth patterns and proposes guiding principles
for a new kind of "smart" growth.
Bullard, Robert D. & Johnson, Glenn S., Just
Transportation-Dismantling Race and Class Barriers to Mobility
(Stony Creek, CT: New Society Publishers, 1997).
Professor Bullard, director of the Environmental
Justice Resource Center at Clark University in Atlanta, GA, has edited
a collection of essays from activists around the country who have made
the crititcal link between our nation's transportation's investments and
our sad history (current and past) of racism and urban poverty. A
logical progression from Prof. Bullard's work on hazardous waste facility
citing and race.
Bullard, Robert D., Sprawl City-Race, Politics,
and Planning in Atlanta (Island Press: 2000).
This book is a compilation of essays by people that
have studied Atlanta's infamous struggle with sprawl. The book pays
particular emphasis on the impacts of sprawl on the African-American community
Diamond, Henry L. and Patrick F. Noonan, Land
Use in America: The Report of the Sustainable Use of Land Project
(Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1996).
One of the best, most recent overviews of land use
issues. Features an analysis of key problems in the first section, followed
by an anthology of essays and specific action recommendations. Includes
many case studies of growth management strategies of states and localities.
Downs, Anthony, New Visions for Metropolitan
America (Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution & Cambridge,
Mass.: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 1994).
A leading urban analyst, Downs argues for a new policy
vision that integrates housing, transportion, environmental and social
service efforts and shows regional coherence. A thoughtful, comprehensive
policy perspective on sprawl.
Gratz, Roberta Brandies & Mintz, Norman,
Back from the Edge-New Life for Downtown (New York: Preservation
Press, Wiles and Sons, 1998).
Cities is an unapologetically positive book
about what is great about urban living, and a warning against what the
"project planners" have done to cities (stadiums, highways, superstores,
etc.), and what they continue to do. The book though concentrates
on the activists around the country who have slowly been paving the way
towards a revitalization of American cities without massive public infrastructure
Hiss, Tony. The Experience of Place.
New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.
Hochschild, Arlie. The Second Shift.
New York: Avon Books, 1989.
Howe, Jim; McMcMahon & Propst, Luther, Balancing
Nature and Commerce in Gateway Communities (Washington, DC:
Island Press, 1998).
As more and more people flock to America's gateway
communities, towns bordered by public lands, for the beauty and presumably
high quality of life, that same quality of life has taken beating from
sprawl--ironically the reason many emigrated in the first place. Balancing
Nature provides examples of these communities valuing their natural
and historical beauty as their greatest economic asset.
Jackson, Kenneth T., Crabgrass Frontier: The
Suburbanization of the United States (New York: Oxford University
This book is a magisterial history of the rise and
expansion of the suburban model of development. High scholarship that is
easily accessible, Crabgrass Frontier provides the forgotten
history of automobile and highway subsidies, the ghettoization of public
housing, the drive-in culture, the loss of community and much more.
Kunstler, James Howard, The Geography of Nowhere:
The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape (New York:
Simon & Schuster, 1993).
This book created a sensation when it was published
by arguing, in a passionate, well-informed and irreverent way, how suburbanization
has created cities that are "dead zones" and a countryside that is "a wasteland
of cartooon architecture and parking lots." A highly readable overview
of sprawl and its economic, social and spiritual costs.
Kunstler, James Howard, Home from Nowhere:
Remaking Our Everyday World for the Twenty-First Century (New York:
This sequel of sorts to The Geography of Nowhere
elaborates on previous themes while sketching some practical strategies
for revamping cities, suburbs and neighborhoods. The tone and substance
is inspired by architects and designers such as Christopher Alexander,
Andres Duany, Peter Calthrope, and Witold Rybczynski, but the stylish and
witty argumentation is Kunstler's alone.
Moe, Richard and Carter Wilkie, Changing Places:
Rebuilding Community in the Age of Sprawl (New York: Henry Holt
& Co., 1997).
Moe, president of the National Trust for Historic
Preservation, and Wilkie, an aide to Boston Mayor Fom Menino, argue that
historic preservation is not just about buildings, but about preserving
the integrity of communities. The book describes dozens of towns that have
staved off destructive sprawl while pioneering redevelopment that preserves
great architecture and revitalizes downtowns.
Norquist, John O., The Wealth of Cities-Revitalizing
the Centers of American Life (Perseus Books: 2000).
John Norquist, Mayor of Milwaukee and New Urbanist,
reviews his experience with revitalizing downtown Milwaukee. Although
he references Milwaukee much during the book, it is meant as critique of
the many federal and state subsidies which fuel sprawl. Meant as
a practical guide to downtown revitalizaiton.
Platt, Rutherford H. Land Use and Society.
Washington, DC: Island Press, 1996.
Porter, Douglas R., Managing Growth in America's
Communities (Washington, D.C.:Island Press, 1997).
An excellent review of growth management approaches
and techniques by one of the leading experts in the field. Topics include
zoning innovations; multimodal transportation; open spaces; transferable
development rights; developer impact fees; state leadership for growth
management; and organizing citizen support.
Suarez, Ray, The Old Neighborhood--What We
Lost in the Great Suburban Migration: 1966-1999 (Free Press:
Ray Suarez, formerly host of NPR's Talk of the Nation
and now correspondent with The Newshour with Jim Lehrer, has written a
highly personal, though well researched story that covers the story behind
the suburbanization of American. Though he spends some time speaking
with the people in the new suburban communities, he spend the majority
with the true heroes who have never left over the past generation.